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Medical System Maintenance and Requirements for Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs)
August 19 @ 6:30 pm - 8:00 pm
Lecture Abstract: Many Low and middle income countries (LMICs) have citizens who subsist on $2/Day. Hospitals in many of these areas are rudimentary equipment, usually donated. Some of this equipment, including the most rudimentary equipment are non-functional due to lack of repair. Some of these devices include Bili-lamps as well as autoclaves. The lack of training as well as unavailability of personnel has created graveyards of medical equipment that may be missing lamps or even fuses. Engineering World Health (EWH.org) has been sending students from Universities to spend time fixing simple equipment and to date have fixed a few million dollars of equipment, over 10 years, in African as well as South and central America. As a board member of EWH Dr. Dhurajaty has observed some unmet needs in these countries and these have to be remedied. This will be the subject of his talk.
There is a lack of elementary simulators to determine whether a medical instrument is functional. For example, it is not necessary to have a sophisticated ECG simulator to determine whether an ECG system is functional. Similarly, a ventilator can be tested for functionality without the use of sophisticated equipment. Many of these rudimentary simulators can be constructed using commonly available components and it is an opportunity for developed countries to design robust kits for assembling in LMICs. Furthermore many LMICs have unreliable power and hence battery power charged by solar/wind is a necessity in these countries.
The advent of smartphones as well as low cost platforms such as Arduinos/Raspberry Pi can be morphed into rudimentary medical devices that can enable Telemedicine. A smartphone, today, is a powerful display and computing platform. Even simple smartphones have capabilities exceeding all the computers in NASA in 1969, when the first moon-landing took place. Part of this talk will touch on morphing smartphones into rudimentary medical devices. Dr. Dhurjaty will also mention work that has been done by several contributors, in this arena.
Appropriate technology for LMICs has to be dealt with care. Patient safety and robustness cannot be compromised. Dr. Dhurjaty will touch on some of the standards that govern these devices that deal with safety and performance.
Speaker(s): Dr. Ram Dhurjaty,
6:30PM – Networking
6:45PM – Announcments & Introductions
7:00-8:00PM – Lecture by Dr. Dhurjaty
8:00-8:30PM – Q&A
POST-EVENT – Afterwards some attendees will likely adjourn to the nearby restaurant, The Foundary, for dinner and follow-on discussion. This is pay your own way (not on EMBS ;> ) but all are welcome
Bldg: University of New Hampshire, Manchester
88 Commercial Street
Manchester, New Hampshire